Research subject

Our objective is to unravel the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive and motor executive functions. Our main interests are the physiological and pathophysiological aspects of the planning, decision making and learning processes. Our strategy is grounded both on a systemic approach, which focus on the interactions between the various structures involved (cortex, basal ganglia, thalamus, medial temporal lobe, etc.) and on a translational approach, ranging from rodent to human subject in normal and pathological conditions.

In this general framework, our work revolve around several topics :

  • Physiology of decision making processes :

We investigate the neural bases of decision making processes through several projects. We particularly focus our attention on the pre-frontal cortex, the anterior cingular cortex and the basal ganglia. For our studies, we use an interdisciplinary approach combining behavioral experiments, multiple-cell electro-physiological recordings, pharmacological manipulations and theoretical modelling.

  • Physiology of spatial cognition

Taking advantage of the expertise we developed on spatial navigation, we study the involvement of the cortex-basal ganglia loop in spatial navigation. Our approach combines our recently developed navigation task, multiple electrode recordings and optogenetic manipulations to unravel the mechanism underlying routine and switching to goal directed behavior. In parallel, we investigate the dopaminergic innervation of the hippocampus.

  • Dynamic properties of the cortical-sub-cortical loops

The globus pallidus has been shown to be composed of at least two different cell populations with different embryonic origins and different targets. This, amongst other data, forced us to reconsider the role of the globus pallidus as a hub controlling the activity of the whole network, and not only a simple relay nucleus along the indirect pathway. Our goal is now to assess how the inclusion of this two populations impact the dynamic properties of the cortex-basal ganglia loop.

  • Pathophysiology of executive functions

Because of our deep involvement in clinical research, we also address the pathophysiological aspect of executive functions. We focus our research on the pathophysiology of dystonia and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

  • Experimental therapeutic : Brain-machine interface (Brain radio project)

Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common adult movement disorders with a prevalence of 4% in the general population. Although several medications are commonly used, few of them are truly effective for controlling severe forms of essential tremor. Our work aims to improve the deep brain stimulation treatment.

  • Ethics of Neurosciences

In parallel with our systemic approach, we investigate the mechanisms underlying the huge gap between neuroscience observations and their reporting. We particularly focus on the overstated commentaries made by neuroscientists when they communicate with journalists.

Research axes

  • Study of the role of the different brain areas (pre-frontal cortex, basal ganglia, etc.) and their interaction during decision-making process.
  • Study of the dopamine influence on the mental representation of the hippocampus (in collaboration with G.Morris, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israël).
  • Demonstrate that dystonia is associated with an abnormal function of the putaminal cholinergic interneurons (Ach-I).
  • Exploration of the neuronal network that supports doubt and study of the neuronal changes occurring when the subject is aware of his doubt.
  • Characterize the features of thalamic activity during the initiation of movement-related induced tremor.
  • Investigate in what extent the orientation of neuroscientists by institutions towards mass media affect the whole research process, including its soundness.
  • Study of the potential role of basal ganglia in the genesis of epileptic seizures through a translational approach in humans and monkeys.

 

Complete bibliography >>>

Latest publications

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Criteria : Author : "Thomas,Boraud; Pierre,Burbaud", Publication type : "('ART')"
Number of occurrences founded : 46.

titre
A Natural History of Skills
auteur
Thomas Boraud, Arthur Leblois, Nicolas P. Rougier
article
Progress in Neurobiology, Elsevier, In press, 〈10.1016/j.pneurobio.2018.08.003〉
identifiant
hal-01874690
titre
Scientific Uncertainty in the Press: How Newspapers Describe Initial Biomedical Findings
auteur
Estelle Dumas-Mallet, Andy Smith, Thomas Boraud, François Gonon
article
Science Communication, SAGE Publications, 2018, 40 (1), pp.124-141. 〈10.1177/1075547017752166〉
identifiant
halshs-01807150
titre
Incobotulinum toxin A in Parkinson's disease with foot dystonia: A double blind randomized trial
auteur
Isabelle Rieu, Bertrand Degos, Giovanni Castelnovo, Christophe Vial, Élodie Durand, Bruno Pereira, Marion Simonetta-Moreau, Sophie Sangla, Frédérique Fluchère, Dominique Guehl, Pierre Burbaud, Christian Geny, Dominique Gayraud, Fabienne Ory-Magne, Françoise Bouhour, Elisabeth Llinares, Philippe Derost, Ana Marques, Franck Durif
article
Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, 2018, 46, pp.9 - 15. 〈10.1016/j.parkreldis.2017.10.009〉
identifiant
hal-01690976
titre
Anterior pallidal deep brain stimulation for Tourette's syndrome: a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial
auteur
Marie Welter, Luc Houeto, S. Thobois, Benoît Bataille, Marc Guénot, Yulia Worbe, Andreas Hartmann, Virginie Czernecki, Eric Bardinet, Jérôme Yelnik, S. Du Montcel, Yves Agid, Marie Vidailhet, Philippe Cornu, Audrey Tanguy, S. Ansquer, Nematollah Jaafari, Emmanuel Poulet, S Serra, Pierre Burbaud, Emmanuel Cuny, Bruno Aouizerate, Pierre Pollak, S Chabardes, Mircea Polosan, Michel Borg, Denys Fontaine, Bruno Giordana, S Raoul, Tiphaine Rouaud, S Sauvaget, Isabelle Jalenques, Carine Karachi, Luc Mallet, P. Derkinderen, J.L. Houeto, A. Bissery, H. Oya, A. Buot, M. Hajji, D. Dormont, F. Durif, C. Fauchon, F. Rondepierre, P. Derost, M. Aya Kombo, S. Chabardès, A. Krainik, P. Krack, B. Piallat, M. Guenot, H. Klinger, E. Broussolle, A. Sauvaget, P. Damier, M. Magnie-Mauro, I. Benatru, A. Fradet, E. Dugast, A. Ouerdani, E. Rabois, M. Quintin, S. Palfi
article
Lancet Neurology, Elsevier, 2017, 16 (8), pp.610 - 619. 〈10.1016/S1474-4422(17)30160-6〉
identifiant
hal-01676328
titre
Anterior pallidal deep brain stimulation for Tourette's syndrome: a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial
auteur
Marie Welter, Luc Houeto, S. Thobois, Benoît Bataille, Marc Guenot, Yulia Worbe, Andreas Hartmann, Virginie Czernecki, Eric Bardinet, Jérôme Yelnik, S. Du Montcel, Yves Agid, Marie Vidailhet, Philippe Cornu, Audrey Tanguy, S. Ansquer, Nematollah Jaafari, Emmanuel Poulet, S Serra, Pierre Burbaud, Emmanuel Cuny, Bruno Aouizerate, Pierre Pollak, S Chabardes, Mircea Polosan, Michel Borg, Denys Fontaine, Bruno Giordana, S Raoul, Tiphaine Rouaud, S Sauvaget, Isabelle Jalenques, Carine Karachi, Luc Mallet, P. Derkinderen, J.L. Houeto, A. Bissery, H. Oya, A. Buot, M. Hajji, D. Dormont, F. Durif, C. Fauchon, F. Rondepierre, P. Derost, M. Aya Kombo, S. Chabardès, A. Krainik, P. Krack, B. Piallat, H. Klinger, E. Broussolle, A. Sauvaget, P. Damier, M. Magnie-Mauro, I. Benatru, A. Fradet, E. Dugast, A. Ouerdani, E. Rabois, M. Quintin, S. Palfi
article
Lancet Neurology, Elsevier, 2017, 16 (8), pp.610 - 619. 〈10.1016/S1474-4422(17)30160-6〉
identifiant
hal-01693894