Pathophysiology of neuron-oligodendrocyte interactions (page under construction)
LABARCHEDE MELODY (PhD student)
For any further information, please contact Dr. Arne Battefeld
Bidirectional neuron-glia interactions provide the framework for the organization of the brain. One type of glia cell, the oligodendrocyte is well known for the establishment of myelin sheaths around vertebrate axons, the neuronal output structure. Myelin enables fast communication between neurons, but oligodendrocytes fulfill additional physiological functions which we only start to understand.
Our research aims to address this knowledge gap by understanding the physiology of oligodendrocytes and their impact on neuronal communication and vice-versa on the single cell and micro-circuit level. While all oligodendrocytes produce myelin, the mature oligodendrocyte cell population is heterogeneous. Whether, this heterogeneity translates into different functions of subpopulations of oligodendrocytes and how physiology and pathophysiology may differ among populations is one of our research areas. Alterations of oligodendrocytes are a common feature among several neurodegenerative diseases. By combining our knowledge of physiological oligodendrocyte function we address the functional impact of pathophysiological alterations of oligodendrocytes on neuron-oligodendrocyte communication in neurodegenerative disease models.
To address our key questions, we combine state of the art methods that include electrophysiology, pacth-seq, advanced cellular imaging, electron microscopy and genetic approaches.
Criteria : Author : "1188210", Publication type : "('ART')"
Number of occurrences founded : 1.
- The core PCP protein Prickle2 regulates axon number and AIS maturation by binding to AnkG and modulating microtubule bundling
- Ana Dorrego-Rivas, Jerome Ezan, Maïté Moreau, Sonia Poirault-Chassac, Nathalie Aubailly, Julie de Neve, Camille Blanchard, Francis Castets, Amélie Fréal, Arne Battefeld, Nathalie Sans, Mireille Montcouquiol
- Science Advances , 2022, 8 (36), ⟨10.1126/sciadv.abo6333⟩